Egypt to reduce public debt to 92% of GDP in FY2019
Egyptian Finance Minister Mohamed Maait said the country will reduce its public debt to 92 percent of the GDP in the budget within the current financial year year 2018/2019, state-run Ahram newspaper reported on Saturday.
“The government has enforced package of procedures to reduce the public debt to 92 percent of the GDP compared with 98 percent in the previous year,” the report said.
The new financial measures intended to increase the state’s public revenues and control the government’s expenditures, the minister said.
He added also that the financial performance would be improved after new laws on tariffs and taxes take into effect soon.
The government’s plans for diversifying the state revenue resource will add 10 billion pounds (56 million U.S. dollars) to the country’s treasury.
According to Waleed Gab-Allah, professor of financial and economic jurisdictions at Cairo University, “Egypt’s economy owns the workforce and the resources but lacks funds, which forced the government to borrow.”
To compensate for the debt, the government had to reduce its dependence on loans, and increase its revenues, Gab-Allah told Xinhua.
Part of the country’s economic reforms that started at the end of 2016, was using part of the surplus of some governmental private funds as public budget instead of carrying it forward to the coming fiscal years balance.
The revenues of that surplus be used for creating more jobs along with the country’s other assets, the expert added.
Gab-Allah expected success for the Finance Ministry’s new measures, but believed its application is also associated with the world’s fluctuating economy.
He added some economic ups and downs, like the increase in the world oil prices last year, had negative impacts on the government plans.
Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) said on Monday that Egypt’s foreign debt has risen to 88.2 billion dollars at the end of March, with total public debt accounting for 86 percent of the GDP.
Egypt has been facing difficult economic conditions due to political instability and relevant security challenges over the past few years.
To boost economy, the Egyptian government started in late 2016 a strict three-year economic reform program based on austerity measures, fuel and energy subsidy cuts and tax hikes.
In addition to floating local currency’s exchange rate, the reform plan has been encouraged by a 12-billion-dollar loan from the International Monetary Fund, two thirds of which has already been delivered to the most populous Arab country.