The dollar held in tight ranges versus its major rivals on Tuesday with investors putting discretion before valor as they counted down to the U.S. midterm vote, the first major electoral test of President Donald Trump’s big tax cuts and hostile trade policies.
The U.S. congressional election is widely expected to boost the Democratic Party, which has a strong chance of winning control of the House of Representatives, with Republicans seen likely to keep the Senate.
“We know that dollar bulls like the Republican controlled Congress because it supports Trump’s policies. So if the Republicans maintain control of both parts of the government, the dollar will soar,” said Kathy Lien, New York based managing director of currency strategy at BK Asset Management in a note.
On the other hand, Lien believes that if the Congress is split, with the Democrats controlling the House and Republicans the Senate, the prospect of legislative gridlock would make it difficult for policies such as Trump’s middle class tax cut to pass and would be negative for the dollar in the short term.
The dollar index, a gauge of its value versus six major peers traded flat at 96.33. It had hit a 16-month high of 97.20 last week.
The euro was slightly lower at $1.1404, about one percent above this year’s trough of $1.1301 touched on August 15.
Euro zone finance ministers called on Italy overnight to change its 2019 budget to conform with European Union rules before a deadline set for next week, but Rome dug in its heels saying its disputed deficit plan would not change.
Against the yen, the dollar changed hands 0.1 percent higher at 113.27 yen, close to a four-week high of 113.385 yen reached last week.
There was muted reaction in the Australian dollar to the Reserve Bank of Australia’s widely anticipated decision to keep interest rates steady on Tuesday.
The Aussie was flat at $0.7206, but was around 2.7 percent above a more than 2-1/2-year low of $0.7018 touched on October 26.
The pound rose 0.1 percent to $1.3050, trading just off a two-week high of $1.3070 hit earlier in the session after a media report suggested the E.U. and Britain may be inching closer to an orderly Brexit.
With talks at an impasse five months before Britain exits the European Union, investors are growing anxious and sterling is moving sharply on any news of a possible breakthrough.
The British government and EU officials have this week played down hopes for an imminent Brexit deal, emphasising that while an agreement is close, the two sides still have work to do.