The dollar fell to its lowest in more than a week against the yen on Wednesday as subdued U.S. data made an interest rate increase this month unlikely and drove investors to cut favorable bets in the greenback.
In Europe, the focus will be on Bank of England chief Mark Carney’s testimony to lawmakers. Sterling has rallied to its highest in seven weeks against the dollar GBP=D4, boosted by a slew of robust economic data that has seen fears of a recession in the near term abate.
The dollar was down 0.5 percent at 101.45 yen JPY= after dipping as low as 101.20 earlier, its lowest since Aug. 26 –when Federal Reserve chair Janet Yellen gave an upbeat speech on the economy that revived bets of a rate hike in the near term.
Since then, the dollar has been struggling to make headway and tumbled more than 1 percent against the yen on Tuesday.
“Since the Jackson Hole speech, the implied probability of Fed’s rate hike for its September meeting fell from 42 percent to 24 percent and the 2-year Treasury yield dipped by around 10 basis points,” said Petr Krpata, currency strategist at ING.
“Clearly, this is a challenging environment for the dollar.”
The Institute for Supply Management’s non-manufacturing purchasing managers’ index fell to 51.4 last month, far short of economists’ expectations and the largest one-month drop since November 2008.
The Fed’s labour-market conditions index also fell in August, slipping back into negative territory after a positive reading in July.
Nonetheless, San Francisco Fed President John Williams said in prepared remarks late on Thursday that the economy was in “good shape” and that it “makes sense to get back to a pace of gradual rate increases, preferably sooner rather than later.” Williams did not directly cite Thursday’s data.
Despite the upbeat rhetoric from the Fed, Morgan Stanley analysts do not expect the Fed to hike at all this year as the U.S. economy is expected to slow down from here.
“For the rates market to adjust accordingly, it may require the Fed to change its language, which has not happened yet as Williams illustrated overnight,” Morgan Stanley strategists said in note, adding once the Fed adjusts its communication, the dollar would fall against the euro and the yen at a faster pace.
Also helping the yen was the Sankei newspaper’s report saying Bank of Japan policymakers were divided ahead of the central bank’s Sept. 20-21 meeting, at which BOJ Governor Haruhiko Kuroda has said the board will conduct a comprehensive assessment of its massive stimulus program.
Despite the dollar’s weakness, the euro EUR= underperformed, hurt by data that showed German industrial production post its steepest fall in 23 months in July, in a further sign that Europe’s largest economy is set for a slowdown. ECONDE
Meanwhile, Sweden’s crown EURSEK= rose to a day’s high against the euro of 9.50 crowns per euro amid relief that the Rikbank stood pat on rates, as expected. The crown had fallen to a one-year low last week after a slew of weak economic data.