Saudi Arabia expects state oil company Saudi Aramco [SDABO.UL] to be valued at more than $2 trillion and plans to sell less than 5 percent of it through an initial public offering (IPO), Deputy Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman said on Monday.
He said in a television interview that he wanted it to be transformed into a holding company with an elected board.
Subsidiaries of the company would also be sold in IPOs as part of a privatization drive and to bring more transparency to the oil giant, Prince Mohammed said.
“If 1 percent of Aramco is offered to the market, just 1 percent, it will be the biggest IPO on earth,” he said.
Prince Mohammed added that he did not expect oil prices to fall below $30 a barrel again because of improving global demand and that Saudi Arabia’s economic reform plans would not be threatened even if oil does drop that far.
Aramco was once run by Americans but has long been a Saudi state corporation. It dwarfs all in the industry, with crude reserves of 265 billion barrels, more than 15 percent of global oil deposits.
It produces more than 10 million barrels per day, three times as much as the world’s largest listed oil company, ExxonMobil, while its reserves are more than 10 times bigger. If Aramco were ever to go public, it would probably become the first company to be valued at more than $1 trillion.
“Less than 5 percent from the parent company … we are trying to separate it and make Aramco a holding company,” Prince Mohammed said.
The listing of Aramco would be on the Saudi stock market, he said, adding that one idea being studied was to set up a fund in the U.S. market which would buy shares in Aramco to help to bring liquidity.
It is not clear which of Aramco’s ventures might be involved in a sale but the range of candidates is wide. Aramco and its subsidiaries own or have an equity interest in more than 5 million barrels per day of refining capacity.